World Constitutions: A Comparative Study
The 11th revised and enlarged edition of World Constitutions is a monumental work by our seasoned authors and dedicated teachers of their times. The voluminous book portrays conceptual and legal framework of Parliamentary and Presidential democracies. The inevitable triumph of Conservatives in UK in 2015 General Election saw installation of David Cameron as the Prime Minister with an outright majority. His resignation brought an abrupt end to six years premiership after 52% of the British public turned their back on European Union. After Cameron, Theresa May became the Prime Minister. Her call for snap polls three years ahead of time stunned everyone.
The disastrous results left Theresa May clinging onto power by taking the support of DUP. In the USA, Donald Trump took office as the 45th President and Mike Pence as the 48th Vice President on January 20, 2017. All the pre-election forecasts had considered a Trump victory unlikely. He is the first President without any prior experience in public service or military. Trumps philosophy of ‘America First’ is likely to increase anti-American sentiments. The defeat of Hollande was due to lack of economic development and domestic issues during his tenure and made him the most unpopular President in French history.
He endorsed Macron’s name for the election of 2017. The 39 year old Macron is the youngest President of France. The change in leadership of China in March 2013 - Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang – coming at the helm of affairs boosts the morale of the Chinese. They pin high hopes in the pioneers of economic reforms. Shinzo Abe, termed as a hawkish leader, was re-elected as Japan’s Prime Minister in Dec 2014. He is a claimant of tough diplomacy while fixing Japanese economy. Canadian constitution continues to retain a federal structure and its dominion status. Queen of UK remains the Head of State. However, their Parliamentary democracy remains intact and the Senate remains the sleeping beauty.
The Swiss still take pride in their solitary direct democracy which is an ingenious blend of Parliamentary and Presidential democracies. The constitution of Russian Federation shows a novel political change. Putin took over as the President. Following a drop in popularity in 2012 and 2013, when his approval rating dropped to the 60’s, the Russian Presidents popularity picked up again. As per Levada Centre Policy, Putin had an all time high approval rating of 89% last June. An incisive and comparative study of the varied constitutions will enable the reader to have a dispassionate view of the working of different patterns of the prevalent forms of government.
Contents: The Constitution of Great Britain • The Constitution of USA • The Constitution of Switzerland • The Constitution of France • The Constitution of Japan • The Constitution of Canada • The Constitution of Australia • The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China • The Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993